Welcome to Park Day School's Making Learning Visible Blog
When you walk on to Park Day's campus you can feel the curiosity, joy, and love of learning. Whether five years old or 14, Park Day students know themselves as builders, mathematicians, artists, historians, change makers, and more. Read on to understand more about our school--a community of amazing students and staff who create an integrated learning environment where strong academics, social emotional learning, and social justice create an exceptional foundation on which students build their ongoing education and their lives.
PDS Youth Advocates featured in Oakland Magazine!Posted by Margaret Piskitel on 1/4/2018
Check out the latest edition of Oakland Magazine, pictured below! Our current Fourth Graders are featured for their Third Grade interdisciplinary project learning about and advocating for the Black-Crowned Night Heron as the Official Bird for the City of Oakland. Pick up the latest issue at your local newsstand and don't forget to sign the petition if you haven't already!
Extra! Extra! Read all About It!Posted by Margaret Piskitel on 12/14/2017 4:50:00 PM
Click here to read this year's first edition of The Core, Park Day School's K-8 Newspaper!
One of our Middle School electives, The Core is produced by a group of middle schoolers who are interested in building a basic understanding of journalism and newspaper writing techniques. Students in this elective did all the work to solicit stories and contributions from other K-8 grades and also wrote, researched, and edited the final stories you see contained in this issue. We hope you enjoy their amazing published product!
Math TalksPosted by Becky Bob-Waksberg, 6th Grade Math-Science Teacher on 12/7/2017 8:00:00 AM
This past weekend I presented at the California Mathematics Council North conference and got the opportunity to hear Jo Boaler speak. She shared her research about how much more students are able to think and learn in math when they feel ‘mathematically free.’ It got me thinking about the times I see our 6th graders show a sense of mathematical freedom.
On the first day of 6th grade, students walk into the math classroom to see the number 24 written on the board followed by the instruction, “Record anything you can think of about this number.” Some students don’t believe the instructions at first.
“Anything? Really anything?” they ask.
My answer: “Anything.”
As they work I walk around and share out some of what I’m seeing, such as, “I see students finding factors; I see students using addition and subtraction; I see students thinking about where they see this number out in the world.” Students then share with a partner and write down at least one new idea. I then call on some students to share out with the class and, once again, students must write down a new idea.
We start class with this warm-up routine every day. We call it Math Talk.
There are two main expectations for Math Talk: students need to use up all the work time they are given (there is no such thing as being ‘done’), and they need to challenge themselves.
Within this simple routine are some of the hallmarks of our mathematics program:
- Tasks are low-floor high-ceiling: every student can enter the task, and there are also limitless levels of challenge embedded within it.
- There are multiple paths to correctness: I sometimes hear a myth about math that there is always one right answer. In reality, there are often multiple correct answers depending on the context, and there are almost always multiple strategies for getting to the same answer. When we share ideas in Math Talk, we practice the truth that the correctness of an answer lies in the reasoning and explanation.
- Knowledge is socially constructed: Humans learn from and build on the thinking of others. In Math Talk, students try out ideas they’ve heard from peers on previous days, and trends even arise - last year, showing everything on a number line became all the rage.
- Mathematics centers on curiosity: Mathematicians pose problems and then work at solving them. In Math Talk, students take ownership over deciding what they want to find out about the prompt.
One of the joys of my job is hearing fresh ideas and ways of thinking that I never would have thought of myself. The more mathematically free my students feel, the more energized I become in my teaching and my own mathematical thinking (because yes, the rumors are true - I solve math problems for fun).
The next time you find your family with a few free minutes, try it out: what could you write about 24? You might be surprised with what you come up with yourself, and you might be really surprised by what you learn from your child!
Students Work to Measure and Reduce Food Waste at PDS!Posted by Margaret Piskitel, Assistant Head of School on 11/30/2017 3:50:00 AM
Based on the reflective conversations about food and food justice following the meal and Assembly on our Day of Sharing/Empty Bowls Project day, first and second grade students in Katy and Susan’s classes were struck that our donations on the Day of Sharing could provide 9,000 meals to families in need, and that 40% of food in the United States is wasted.
Together, the two classes discussed, What is a meal? The conversation then led us to wondering about our immediate school community and students wondered, Are kids at Park Day eating all their lunch? Are we wasting food? What are some things kids eat in the lunch line or things kids throw away? How much food goes into the compost bin each lunch time?
The teachers invited Nel, who is the head of Panetto Kitchen (our lunch caterer), to visit the students and pose his problem: “I have a problem that I need some help with. I work in the kitchen. We work hard to get you guys yummy, delicious food and we see a lot of it wasted. Do you have any ideas about what we can do?” Nel estimated that there is probably 20 lbs of compost waste each day. Following Nel’s visit, the first and second graders posed this problem statement: Why is so much delicious food being wasted?
To begin exploring this problem statement, students worked with their teachers and with Ilya (Design+Make+Engage Director) and Jeanine (Director of Community Outreach and Service Learning) to weigh the food waste today, and are aiming to start a campaign to see if they can reduce food waste at Park Day! Not only was this exploration an opportunity to explore the social studies and social justice aspects of the Day of Sharing and Empty Bowls, this emergent extension of those conversations also provided the opportunity for some systems thinking and real world use of math and science.
In preparation for weighing the food, students used a Parts, People, Interaction systems thinking routine to ponder the question, “What are the food systems linked to lunch?” Different kids were given different pictures (compost bins, kids throwing away a whole orange or apple, the lunch line system) and then made connections about how the different parts and people interact.
Students asked Ilya for help with a way to weigh the food. First and second grades used sand, water, and recycled containers to make 5 lb and 1 lb weights. Then they investigated how the scale worked using the weights and Katy’s class teamed up to carry the big scale (a feat in and of itself!) over the the Magnolia Building. They checked their weights using different combinations of the weights they created against the 7lb can of beans, a 5 lb container of sand, and 1 lb water weights. The problem-solving required to make sure the weights were correct was quite a challenge and called upon their growing facility with math facts.
Stay tuned for more on this student-led campaign to reduce the amount of food wasted!
Community Partnerships: Oakland International High SchoolPosted by Jeanine Harmon on 11/10/2017
Community partnerships are at the heart of the Community Outreach and Service Learning program at Park Day School. Thanks to our wonderful location, we have a long history of partnership with our neighborhood OUSD schools. At the end of last year, a new partnership idea was inspired by a collaboration between Katy’s class and Loraine Woodard’s “Survivor English” class at Oakland International High School, a school that serves students who have recently immigrated to the US. The idea: What would it be like to partner first graders and high schoolers who are learning to read English over the course of a school year?
In case you haven’t noticed yet, Park Day School is the kind of place where ideas spark, take flight and burst into life. Thanks to Katy and Loraine, the PDS/OIHS Reading Buddies project was born and successfully launched this fall.
The joys and challenges faced by emergent/early readers and English language learners are remarkably similar. Students in each class are working on developing and strengthening their literacy skills. Each student is also learning how to be brave and resiliant. Once a month, the students from Katy’s class and Loraine’s class will get together for some “buddy time,” where students will get to know each other through the practice of reading. Each OIHS student is partnered with one or two first graders. Through these partnerships, the students will have the opportunity to practice reading to each other in a fun, supportive environment.
The plan is to alternate schools for each visit so the students can experience what it’s like to be in an older/younger classroom, as well as what it’s like to be a guest and a host. Our first graders recently had their first visit to OIHS. It was exciting to watch our first graders step inside and see what their high school buddy’s classroom looked like. After a few shy moments, the first graders found their buddies and settled in to listen to them read. When I looked around the room I saw pairs and trios sitting at tables, heads bent together over a book. There were smiles and giggles mixed with quiet moments of concentration. Every once in a while, I’d catch a first grader looking at their buddy with absolute wonder and admiration.
During our visit, I noticed that the bookshelves in Loraine’s classroom had room for a lot more books. After checking in with her, and then with our second graders who are leading our annual book drive campaign, we all decided that it was a fantastic idea to share some of the books with OIHS. Having access to great books makes learning to read a lot more fun! Wouldn’t you agree?
After the first graders returned to Park Day Katy posed a question to the group: What did you notice when your high school buddy read to you? One student said, “I heard someone’s voice that was different from mine and it made me happy.” Another student said, “I think our buddies need a little more practice reading English.” Katy posed another question: How can we all support them in this goal? What followed was a lovely discussion about what it’s like to learn a whole new language, what it’s like to learn how to read and how we are all learning and practicing reading together. Conversations like these not only open our eyes, they open our hearts.
Year after year, we see how our community partnerships create rich and rewarding learning opportunities for all participants in both planned and unexpected ways. Learning together really IS better!
Learning in ContextPosted by Karen Colaric on 11/2/2017 2:20:00 PM
How many ways can creative ten year olds wear a bandana? They are an important practical fashion accessory on our fourth grade annual trip to the Sierra foothills to learn about the impact of the gold rush on California’s people and environment. This year’s class may have broken the record on ways to wear their bandanas.
Starting in the fourth grade at Park Day, we begin the laborious but rewarding task of taking students on overnight field trips where the majority of time is spent outdoors. These trips meet several goals related to our mission: investigating past and present social justice issues; social-emotional learning and fostering a sense of environmental stewardship. And, there are significant tie ins to the grade level curriculum content. But why go through the effort to take them off campus and out of the four walls of the classroom? Can’t they learn most of this here at school?
The idea that “place” could be a significant educational tool was proposed by John Dewey in an essay he wrote in 1897. He proposed that we “make each of our schools an embryonic community . . . with types of occupations that reflect the life of the larger society.” Others have gone on to describe the educational and health benefits of outdoor education to children, particularly our urban students who spend a great deal of their lives indoors or surrounded by buildings and asphalt.
Taking the fourth graders to the town of Coloma in the Sierra foothills, where many elementary texts state that James Marshall “discovered” gold in 1848, was a trip that enabled kids to get out of their comfort zones and test their resilience away from home, out in the sun and dust, right where it all happened. Along the way, they learned many facts about the impact of the gold rush on what is now the state of California, both socially and environmentally. They learned how to bake cornbread in a covered skillet over some hot coals, quite a bit about the lucrative nature of the blacksmith trade and grocery store over the typical gold seeker, and had their curiosity peaked in several other areas.
However, in observing and interacting with the children on the trip, the biggest impact was the sense of place and history as they peeked in a mini-museum of Chinese Store, still standing, and the cultural significance of that business to the Chinese community present at the time. Bits of the Monroe orchards are still present, and the family’s historical significance in the area is clearly noted in family photographs and the story of how they earned enough to save a family member from enslavement. Or, the hardships endured in daily life, safety and survival, simply to cook a meal. They were most proud of simply making it through the long hike along the Monroe Ridge, where the view from atop stopped them in their tracks because it looked like “a painting at a museum.” Flora-Fauna Arianna, one of our naturalists, finds the most meaning in her work when she’s able to help foster an altered world-view in which humans aren’t the only narrative—where humans, animals, plants, and all that it takes to sustain life and thrive are seen for their interdependence. They also learned about implications that are ethical, political and social. At campfire one evening, our American Indian speaker, Kathleen Shining Star told them that she resists recording her stories because she knows the impact that she has when she tells those stories personally to them. She explained that they’ll store her story in a different part of their brain and hearts when she tells it to them, and appealed to them as the next generation of stewards of the land and each person’s unique cultural heritage.
The motto of Coloma Outdoor Discovery School is “learn about the past to change the future.” Our students came back ready to learn more about this period of time and how it impacted lives then and now. And, if you ask them what they liked best and remember, it will likely be their awe of the beauty of the rapids in American River and the thrill of crossing it by foot on a small bridge, how precious the deer family seemed that repeatedly came into camp, and their favorite way to wear their bandana.
The East Bay Mini Maker Faire, STEM and Emergent CurriculumPosted by John Orbon on 10/26/2017 12:00:00 PM
The term "emergent curriculum” is used to describe a way of planning opportunities for students in response to children's interests, to create meaningful learning experiences.
Yesterday, a beautiful thing happened in our Innovation Workshop, when a group of our 5th, 6th and 7th graders charged into the Innovation Workshop elective still brimming with excitement about their time at our East Bay Mini Maker Faire* this past Sunday.
Students said that they wished the giant AirPusher actually left the ground. They all quickly agreed that making it leave the ground would be the easy part. Doing it safely would be harder…
Ilya's “design challenge” riffed off of the AirPusher art piece that was at the Faire. Ilya tasked the student groups with designing and building airships using helium balloons that left the ground and maintained equilibrium under the roof of the Innovation Workshop.
Parameters were reviewed. Materials were investigated. Plans were drawn-up, evaluated and iterated. Some student groups used digital scales to estimate how to balance lift and payload. Other groups made pieces of ballast that were tiny, and equal-sized.
There was a wonderful exchange of student generated theories as to why their airships were cycling up and down even after the optimum weight of the ship was established to offset the lift. In particular, students incorporated concepts of convection as they observed that hot air rises and cooler air falls.
Discussions continued the next day, as kids of all ages stopped in to see what was going on with the silver helium baloons–which were, in the cooler morning hours, floating lower than they had the afternoon before–confirming some of their theories on convection.
At the end of the day, each group developed solutions that the AirPusher folks would love–and, more importantly, solutions that they loved!
(For those who haven’t experienced it, the East Bay Mini Maker Faire brings 150+ makers together with over 6,500 visitors to our campus for an amazing day of interactive discovery. A natural extension of our classrooms and our progressive pedagogy, our Mini Maker Faire is a celebration of hands-on making, tinkering, doing and learning.)
Exploring DACAPosted by Erica Morales on 10/19/2017 3:20:00 PM
What does a sanctuary city need? What does it mean to be brought to our country as a child, grow up here, and find out you are undocumented? This fall, our 7th and 8th grade Spanish classes integrated elements of social justice, current events, design, and social emotional learning (SEL) with a unit on the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) policy and changes to the policy.
Over the last three weeks, students have been learning and gathering information about DACA in various forms and from various sources. Students read articles and then used a jigsaw technique to build vocabulary and touch on underlying themes; students also viewed an interview of a DACA recipient in Spanish and learned about the process of becoming a DACA recipient and what it might mean for recipients if DACA is repealed. In addition students had the opportunity to consult an expert on this issue; I invited Public Defender, Ariel Toran, to join us in the 7th Grade classroom. He shared about the experiences of his immigrant clients and how the current political climate may affect them in particular.
As we were exploring this issue, Governor Jerry Brown officially declared California a sanctuary state. We then were able to discuss the significance of this declaration: That California doesn’t have to comply with the demands of ICE, including not giving up personal information of California immigrants. Students are now aware of the various effects of DACA as well as its repeal.
As the culminating project for this unit, students designed and built their own sanctuary cities, making sure to include potential social services provided to DACA recipients. They considered the needs of immigrant communities as they try to navigate the systems of a new country and used design principles to explore the process. Along the way, students expanded their Spanish vocabulary and focused on grammar such as relevant verbs and interrogatives. Students will present their sanctuary cities, las ciudades sanctuarias, next week in Spanish class. In addition, classes will get to present their santuary cities to the 2nd Graders, who study immigration over the course of the school year. This collaboration provides the younger students with an opportunity to learn from the middle schoolers and deepen their understanding by hearing about a current immigration issue alongside investigations of their own backgrounds and histories so that they can compare and contrast similarities and differences among the many stories in our community and beyond.
¡La gente unida, jamás será vencida!
Developing Learning for LivingPosted by Margaret Piskitel, Assistant Head of School on 10/12/2017
Recently, an alumni parent referred to Park Day as an immersion school where the second language is Social Emotional Learning. This year, our school’s theme "How do I take responsibility for practicing kindness, empathy, and mutual respect at Park Day School?" provides a starting point for how we frame some of our professional development for the year, and add to our educator’s classroom toolboxes. As program administrators, our goals this year are to strengthen our K-8 understanding of progressive education academically, with a social justice lens, and as reflected in last week’s Professional Development day, with an eye to further developing and articulating our K-8 scope and sequence in Social Emotional Learning (SEL).
The empathy, relationship skills, and compassionate understanding for others that our students develop over their time at Park Day may look effortless, but is, in fact, due to teacher expertise, collaboration, and continuous professional development. Our teachers are experts and lifelong learners in human development at their grade levels (and often beyond!), adept researchers, and staunch collaborators with each other -- all with the end goal of helping their students make progress each year in individual and group social and emotional development.
This past Tuesday, our in-house professional development day focused on student indicators of SEL at each grade level. We explored how that scope directly enhances and deepens the strong academic and arts program at Park Day, and the ways it helps shape our students beyond graduation. We often hear from high school teachers who have Park Day students in their classrooms, that those students are the kindest leaders, and are among the most compassionate and empathetic advocates for their peers and their community. These high school educators tell us that many students know how to write, but Park Day students know how to write AND have something to say with a deep understanding of audience and perspective. Attributes like these are a result of an immersion in social emotional learning alongside academic building blocks and skill development.
Professional development days are precious times when our staff can be together to dive deeper into strengthening our unified approach to teaching and learning so that we can actualize our vision of a Park Day graduate: a changemaker who has integrity, kindness, courage, curiosity and is engaged in the world and in their own learning. Building this shared language and diving into indicators of social emotional learning together supports ownership by students of this learning for living.
Our teachers inspire me as they lead our young students in this deeply integrated educational, social-emotional journey and this professional development only deepens the already amazing work our students are engaged in. For example, last week our 4th Grade Dragon Orchids, led by Ben and Laura, sent out this message to their families:
We have a class name and a mission statement. We are the Dragon Orchids! Last week as a class we collectively brainstormed values in five categories; We are...We believe...We value...We want...We agree to... We looked at Park Day School's mission statement and other mission statements from organizations around the world. We then highlighted our most important values and each student wrote a class Mission Statement of their own. With the help of Laura, we collaborated together as a class to revise and craft our final mission statement:
"We are the kind, creative, compassionate, epic, imaginative, curious, Dragon Orchids. We believe in animal safety, self respect, and dragons. We believe that appreciations, honesty, and empathy will heal and bring more peace into the world. We value humor, joy, and friendship. We want our community to be built with care, equality, freedom, and support. We agree to be inclusive and to problem solve independently, cooperatively, and non-violently. We commit to practicing thoughtful communication, attentive listening, and mutual respect with one another. We are the Dragon Orchids."
We look forward to watching the Dragon Orchids hold this mission statement this year alongside the other ways they and their fellow K-8 students will continue to deepen their skills. And finally, we hope you, our families, will join us in our journey to practice kindness, empathy and mutual respect at Park Day School!
The Power of K-8 EducationPosted by Erik Carlson, Interim Middle School Director on 10/3/2017 4:00:00 PM
Often when I ask parents to recall 6th grade and the start of the middle school experience, they revert to their eleven or twelve year old self with a sigh and an eye roll. Some describe themselves as puny and detail exactly when they were picked to be on a team at recess or who finished the math test before them. Others remember feeling ill-equipped to navigate “the drama.” Everybody else, they recall, seemed to have it all together. My 6th grade experience was different. What stands out to me was the playground, and learning jacks from a girl name Julie, and trading baseball cards with my best friend Chris. We perfected our secret shots in handball on a small sliver of blacktop and our teacher, Ms. Gillman, reminded us that the rest of the campus was following our lead as to how to behave. I recall youthful joy and empowerment. One difference that we identified was that in my school district in Los Angeles in the 1970’s, 6th grade was the end of elementary school-- I wasn’t the youngest in a group of pre-teens and early teens, I was one of the oldest in our school community.
It turns out that there is ample research to conclude that the grade span of a school makes a difference. Students in the sixth grade, just entering early adolescence, have so many things going on socially and bio-chemically, that it required an extensive, multi-year study to try to narrow down determining factors in their school experience. This study supports the “top dog/bottom dog” theory that when 6th graders are among the oldest students in the school, even if they just transferred into the school, they feel safer, with a greater sense of belonging. To that end, a school that combines elementary and middle school is optimal for a sixth grader. This is supported and expanded by renowned child psychologist and author Dr. Michael Thompson. In his book, Best Friends, Worst Enemies: Understanding the Social Lives of Children, Dr. Thompson states: “If I could design psychologically safe schools, every elementary school in the United States would go from kindergarten through grade eight and would be no larger than four hundred children.”
Over my career, I have served schools comprising a variety of grade spans: 7-12, 9-12, 6-12, and K-8. Great schools are intentional about leveraging their span. What I appreciate most about the K - 8 school is that it sees children as children. There are play structures on campus, which the elementary students dominate at recess, but are great reminders of imagination and unfettered joy for the adolescents. It is not uncommon to see middle school big buddies, or even high school alumni, returning to campus for community service, chasing their younger buddies on the slides, ladders, and towers. The Pals program, pairing middle school students with elementary students, gives opportunity for authentic student leadership and practice with intentional social learning training. In the K - 8 environment, distinct time is devoted to social learning in Advisory Meetings. We recognize that strong interpersonal skills correlate to effective lab partners, project groups, sports teams, and music ensembles. Furthermore, in this time dedicated to building relationships, students come to discover that someone on campus truly cares about them.
The culmination of a school in 8th grade provides a natural opportunity for students to go through a transition when they need it. From the safety and comfort of the K - 8 environment, it is time to test out their self-concept. Exploring new schools provokes questions such as: How do I like to spend my time? What type of environment do I feel most like myself? How do I learn best? This high school admissions process spurs valuable conversations between students and their parents. Whereas at a younger age a decision to attend a new school may largely belong to the adults, the choice of a high school can be an empowering time for an 8th grade student.
By focusing on the key developmental needs of children as they develop through adolescence, the K - 8 school not only embraces the joy of young children and early adolescents, but also encourages their leadership.